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The Right of First Refusal (ROFR) in Timeshare Transactions

Timeshare ownership can sometimes fall short of the dream vacation experience it promises, leading to a market flooded with owners eager to unload their shares. Navigating the resale of a timeshare introduces owners and potential buyers to the complex concept of the Right of First Refusal (ROFR)—a clause that significantly influences the timeshare resale process. Understanding the implications of ROFR is essential for anyone involved in the buying or selling of timeshare properties.

Understanding the Right of First Refusal

The Right of First Refusal (ROFR) clause is crucial in the timeshare industry. It protects resort developers from losing market value because of low-priced resales. This clause lets original resort developers buy back timeshare properties before they can be sold to anyone else. Putting the ROFR in timeshare contracts helps the resort control the resale of its units and protects its financial interests.

The Right of First Refusal (ROFR) process is simple but has a big effect on how timeshare resales work. When an owner wants to sell their timeshare, they have to show the sale details, including the price, to the resort that originally sold them the timeshare. This step is important because it gives the resort the chance to use its ROFR. The resort looks at the sale offer and decides if it wants to buy back the unit at the offered price, taking the place of the third-party buyer. Resorts don’t make this decision lightly. They think about things like the current market, how the sale price compares to what they would sell it for, and how the sale affects their profit.

By using the ROFR, resorts stop low prices from becoming common in the resale market, which could lower the value of their properties. Keeping the resort’s offerings attractive and exclusive is key. If timeshare units were sold for much less, it could hurt the resort’s brand and make people less likely to buy directly from the resort. So, the ROFR clause is an important way for resorts to keep their prices steady, make sure they still profit from timeshare sales, and protect their vacation ownership model for the future.

The Timeshare Resale Process

The process of reselling a timeshare unit unfolds through a series of steps, meticulously governed by the Right of First Refusal (ROFR) clause. This clause intricately ties the timeshare resale process to the original resort developers, offering them a pivotal role in the transaction. The journey from listing to potential sale closure undergoes rigorous scrutiny under the resort’s watchful eye, ensuring their interests are safeguarded at every turn.

Initially, the journey begins when a timeshare owner, seeking to sell their share, lists the unit on the resale market. This action sets the stage for interested third parties to engage, potentially leading to an offer that both the seller and the prospective buyer find acceptable. Following the acceptance of an offer, the involved parties finalize the terms, leading to the signing of the sales agreement—a critical document that then proceeds to the next pivotal phase: the resort’s review under the ROFR clause.


During this critical review period, the resort meticulously evaluates the details of the proposed resale. Key elements under consideration include the specifics of the timeshare, such as the allocated points or weeks, the dimensions and attributes of the unit, and any financial obligations still pending on the property. This thorough assessment enables the resort to weigh the proposal against its strategic interests and market dynamics, determining whether the transaction aligns with its objectives or if intervention is warranted.

Upon concluding its assessment, the resort faces a decision: to exercise its Right of First Refusal or to let the transaction proceed without its intervention. Should the resort choose to exercise its ROFR, it effectively steps into the shoes of the third-party buyer, agreeing to match the proposed terms and reclaim the unit. This action reflects the resort’s judgment that reclaiming the unit serves its best interest, perhaps to maintain market stability or to prevent the establishment of undesirably low resale prices.

Conversely, if the resort decides to waive its ROFR, the path clears for the resale transaction to progress toward closure, with the original buyer moving forward to finalize the purchase. This outcome signifies the resort’s determination that allowing the sale to proceed does not adversely affect its interests or the timeshare community’s integrity.

Impact on Timeshare Resales

The Right of First Refusal (ROFR) clause significantly impacts the dynamics of timeshare resales, introducing an element of unpredictability into the transaction process. This clause’s activation can drastically change the course of a sale, affecting both buyers and sellers in unique ways.

For potential buyers, the resort’s decision to exercise its ROFR can abruptly halt the purchase process, leading to the cancellation of the transaction. However, it’s important to note that any financial commitments made up to that point, such as deposits or escrow funds, are fully refundable. In some instances, resorts may offer an alternative by suggesting the application of these funds toward the acquisition of a different timeshare unit within their portfolio. While this could present an unexpected opportunity, it may also involve higher costs than the original deal.

Sellers, in contrast, experience a different set of consequences when facing the ROFR clause. Regardless of whether the resort chooses to exercise its right to buy back the timeshare, the terms of the sale remain unchanged for the seller. This means that if the resort decides to intervene, it must honor the agreed-upon price and conditions, effectively stepping into the shoes of the initial buyer. Conversely, if the resort opts not to exercise its ROFR, the sale proceeds as originally planned, with the transaction completing between the seller and the initial buyer.


The Right of First Refusal is a critical aspect of the timeshare resale market that can have significant implications for both buyers and sellers. By understanding the role and process of ROFR, individuals can better navigate the complexities of timeshare transactions. Whether you’re looking to buy a timeshare for vacation purposes or considering the resale market for trading power, awareness of the ROFR clause is essential. Consulting with legal professionals can provide clarity and confidence as you embark on the journey of timeshare ownership or resale, ensuring a smoother and more informed transaction process.

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Commitment to Education: We strive to keep you informed about the timeshare industry, potential pitfalls, and best practices for exiting your timeshare. Our in-depth blog series is a testament to our commitment.

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